A very simple solution from the UK: Extra meal saves frail patients
Hospitals cut the number of deaths among elderly patients with a fractured hip by half simply by appointing a staff member to give them extra food.
A pilot scheme at five NHS trusts in England and one in Scotland involved an extra junior member of staff for each ward who was given the job of keeping patients well fed. They were given a target of boosting intake of food by 500 calories a day, equivalent to about one meal.
Since the trial began two years ago the proportion of elderly patients who died within 30 days of a hip fracture has fallen from 11 percent to 5.5 percent.